Why Young Men Are Getting Heart Attacks?

News Vale
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In recent months, India has witnessed a concerning trend: young men, seemingly healthy, succumbing to cardiac arrest. Among them were 18-year-old student Madhav, 37-year-old Air India pilot Himanil Kumar, and 34-year-old software developer Vikas Negi. Madhav collapsed while studying in a coaching class, Himanil while at his Gurgaon office, and Vikas while playing cricket with friends in Noida. Their families, like many others across the country, were left in shock and disbelief. This issue is not isolated; cardiac arrests are becoming alarmingly common among young men in India.

Why Young Men Are Getting Heart Attacks

Genetic Predisposition and Family History

One significant factor contributing to this trend is genetic predisposition. Cardiologists have noted an increasing incidence of heart diseases among younger populations over the past decade. Dr. Sandhu, a leading cardiologist, explains that Indians have a higher probability of developing heart disease due to genetic mutations. Approximately 35-40% of Indians possess a variant of the CHGA gene known as Haplotype 2, which increases the likelihood of heart disease.

Moreover, family history plays a crucial role. If a person has a family member who suffered from heart disease before the age of 50, their risk of developing similar conditions is significantly higher. Dr. Sandhu emphasizes the importance of regular medical check-ups, such as blood pressure and lipid profile tests, particularly for individuals with a family history of heart disease.

Misconceptions About Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest

Understanding the difference between a heart attack and cardiac arrest is vital. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked, causing chest pain and breathlessness but not necessarily stopping the heart. Conversely, cardiac arrest is a sudden electrical malfunction in the heart that causes it to stop beating, leading to a loss of consciousness and cessation of breathing. Immediate medical intervention, such as CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) and the use of an AED (Automated External Defibrillator), is crucial for survival in cases of cardiac arrest.

The Role of Stress

Stress is a significant contributor to heart attacks among young men. Studies indicate that 40% of heart attacks in individuals aged 30-40 are stress-related. Actor Shreyas Talpade's recent heart attack, despite his healthy lifestyle, highlights the severe impact of chronic stress. The competitive work environment, societal expectations, and financial pressures disproportionately burden men, leading to high stress levels that manifest in severe health issues.

Lifestyle Choices and Their Impact

Modern lifestyle choices, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, and poor dietary habits, exacerbate heart disease risk. In India, societal standards and peer frequently promote drinking and smoking as means of stress relief and socialization. However, heavy drinking and smoking directly impact heart health, increasing blood pressure, creating arterial blockages, and ultimately leading to heart attacks.

Furthermore, the prevalence of junk food and sedentary lifestyles contributes to the growing incidence of heart disease. High consumption of packaged foods rich in salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats elevates cholesterol levels and blood pressure, further straining the heart.

The Importance of Physical Activity

Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining heart health. Unfortunately, many young professionals in India lead sedentary lifestyles due to long work hours and extensive commuting. Incorporating even simple exercises like walking can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels. However, the urban environment often lacks safe, accessible spaces for physical activity, making it challenging for many to stay active.

Preventive Measures

To combat the rising trend of heart disease among young men, several measures can be taken:

  1. Regular Medical Check-ups: Individuals, especially those with a family history of heart disease, should undergo regular health screenings, including blood pressure and lipid profile tests.
  2. Stress Management: Developing healthy coping mechanisms for stress, such as mindfulness, meditation, and spending time with loved ones, is crucial.
  3. Healthy Lifestyle Choices: Reducing alcohol and tobacco consumption and adopting a balanced diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables can significantly lower heart disease risk.
  4. Physical Activity: Incorporating regular exercise, such as walking, jogging, or strength training, into daily routines is essential for heart health.
  5. Education and Awareness: Raising awareness about the importance of heart health and the dangers of genetic predisposition, stress, and unhealthy lifestyles is vital for prevention.


The increasing incidence of cardiac arrests among young men in India is a serious public health concern. By understanding the genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors contributing to this trend, individuals can take proactive steps to protect their heart health. Regular medical check-ups, stress management, healthy lifestyle choices, and regular physical activity are essential in preventing heart disease and ensuring a healthier future for the younger generation.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare professional for medical concerns and before making any significant lifestyle changes.